When it comes to data science and engineering the continuing skill shortage has tripled in recent years. The competencies required in data science careers have undergone something of a reboot in the past 18 months.

In fact, there is a clear need for future data scientists, and for existing ones, to upskill. With the increased competition for data science talent, this needs to happen sooner rather than later in order for organisations to get the right data science support. One key way forward will be for industry to work with academics to fill this gap. But what are these skills?

Faculty was founded eight years ago with the purpose of addressing the skills shortage that stopped many companies making the most of AI – and still is. Through the Faculty Fellowship we train top academic talent and launch them into commercial data science roles – within just eight weeks. Now 353 projects and fellows later and we continue to effectively and successfully upskill academics and supporting companies in building great data science teams. 

By drawing on our own experiences in the field we’ve outlined below the capabilities we believe data scientists need.

The skills data scientists need to power the UK’s AI growth

So called ‘soft skills’ such as communication might not immediately be the first skill that comes to mind when thinking about AI, but it is essential to industry success. Good written and verbal communication skills help with teamwork, liaising with customers, and showing your added value rather than being seen as an anonymous cog in a machine. Many businesses do not understand the capabilities of AI and so being able to articulate and credibly highlight the benefits of data science will be important. More insight on the importance of communication can be found in our earlier blog.

Maths know-how and some coding experience

As would be expected, a good base knowledge of maths is essential for AI. Probability, linear algebra, calculus and statistics all underpin data science and will be key to help make AI a reality. Getting to know Python, or other relevant programming languages, is a great step into data science. 

Problem solving and scientific knowledge

Data science goes hand-in-hand with problem solving. Whether it’s attempting to solve an organisation’s problems or figuring out how to correct an algorithm gone awry, top data scientists face problems head-on armed with their robust knowledge and skills. London Tech Week recently highlighted data analytical skills as one of the top considerations when recruiting as well.


Collaboration is intrinsic to commercial data science work. The ability to work alongside others from across the team as well as with external customers is part of the daily skillset of a data scientist. Collaboration helps with brainstorming ideas, trying them out, and often returning to the drawing board to work alongside others and overcome challenges. The need for collaboration is even more important In a post-pandemic landscape where virtual working becomes part of the new normal.


Ethical considerations are vital to using AI responsibly. We believe that AI has the power to change everything and as it becomes more and more ubiquitous in our everyday lives, it is even more important that top data science talent are aware of, and consistently apply, ethical reasoning and practices. Issues of bias, privacy, and trust must all be addressed for customers to adopt responsible AI.


Data scientists help create change across a huge variety of fields, and flexibility is a common part of the job. From healthcare to education, commerce to manufacturing, data scientists have access to a broad array of different industries with different demands but shared core skills. Flexibility as a data scientist could take the form of being responsible for the end to end process or you might find yourself working on a specific part of the process, such as working with other specialists, deployment, or modelling.

These skills outlined above are a pathway to great success, especially given that ‘data scientist’ has become one of the most in-demand jobs. In December 2021, we found that in the UK alone 7000+ ‘data scientist’ roles were advertised and actively being recruited for. The transition from academia to industry requires both the hard and soft skills outlined, which is why programmes like the Faculty Fellowship are useful talent pipelines for companies looking for the right data science talent – without that competition.

You can find out more about the Faculty Fellowship and the skills training it offers to fast-track data science careers here.

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